何拓平,李元昊,陈朝兵,王超,阮昱,王茜,李昊远,南凡驰.深水重力流储层宏观非均质性控制因素——以华庆地区长63为例[J].西北地质,2020,53(1):178-188 HE Tuoping,LI Yuanhao,CHEN Zhaobing,WANG Chao,RUAN Yu,WANG Xi,LI Haoyuan,NAN Fanchi.Macroscopic Heterogeneity Controlling Factors of Deepwater Gravity Flow Reservoirs: A case Study of Chang 63 in Huaqing Area[J].Northwestern Geology,2020,53(1):178-188
深水重力流储层宏观非均质性控制因素——以华庆地区长63为例
Macroscopic Heterogeneity Controlling Factors of Deepwater Gravity Flow Reservoirs: A case Study of Chang 63 in Huaqing Area
投稿时间:2019-09-12  修订日期:2019-11-20
DOI:10.19751/j.cnki.61-1149/p.2020.01.016
中文关键词:  深水重力流;储层;宏观非均质性;华庆地区;长63
英文关键词:Huaqing area;Chang 63;macro-heterogeneity;deep-water gravity flow
基金项目:国家科技重大专项"中生界低渗透储层非均质性评价技术"(2016ZX05050006),国家自然科学基金(41802140),陕西省自然科学基础研究计划项目(2019JQ-257),刘宝珺地学青年科学基金(暨《山东省沉积成矿作用与沉积矿产重点实验室》开放基金,DMSM2019007)
作者单位E-mail
何拓平 西安石油大学地球科学与工程学院, 陕西 西安 710065  
李元昊 西安石油大学地球科学与工程学院, 陕西 西安 710065  
陈朝兵 西安石油大学地球科学与工程学院, 陕西 西安 710065 395286273@qq.com 
王超 中国石油天然气股份有限公司长庆油田分公司第二采气厂, 陕西 西安 710200  
阮昱 西安石油大学地球科学与工程学院, 陕西 西安 710065  
王茜 西安石油大学地球科学与工程学院, 陕西 西安 710065  
李昊远 西安石油大学地球科学与工程学院, 陕西 西安 710065  
南凡驰 西安石油大学地球科学与工程学院, 陕西 西安 710065  
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中文摘要:
      宏观非均质性是评价含油储层的重要控制因素,深水重力流储层的宏观非均质性通常较强,是油气勘探开发的首要难题。通过深水重力流沉积理论、岩心观察、测井资料、实验测试等分析,描述鄂尔多斯盆地华庆地区长63深水重力流储层宏观非均质性特征。研究表明:华庆地区长63层内非均质性较强,主要发育浊积岩、滑塌岩、砂质碎屑流、泥质碎屑流4种重力流沉积物;层内夹层分为泥质、钙质和泥砾3类,泥质夹层出现频率较高,对沉积物内部非均质性影响较大,钙质夹层主要出现在砂质碎屑流中;根据沉积物砂体的叠置关系,将重力流沉积物砂体分为4类,层间非均质性由弱到强分别为连续叠加型、间隔叠加型、侧向尖灭型、砂泥互层型;分析砂体厚度与沉积微相、孔渗、流动单元等影响因子在研究区的展布,得出华庆长63储层宏观非均质程度平面分布情况图。总结6个角度的影响因素,建立影响储层宏观非均质程度综合评价表,为油田勘探开发提供帮助。
英文摘要:
      Macroscopic heterogeneity is an important controlling factor for the evaluation of oil-bearing reservoirs. The macro-heterogeneity of deep-water gravity flow reservoirs is rather strong, which is a primary difficult problem of oil and gas exploration and development. Through the analysis of deep-water gravity flow sedimentary theory, core observation, logging data and experimental test, etc, the macro-heterogeneity characteristics of Chang 63 deep-water gravity flow reservoir in Huaqing area of Ordos Basin are described. The research shows that Chang 63 in Huaqing area has a strong in-layer heterogeneity, mainly including turbidite, sloping rock, sandy debris flow and argillaceous debris flow. The interlayer is divided into three types:argillaceous, calcareous and gravel. The frequency of argillaceous interlayer is high, which has a great influence on the internal heterogeneity of sediment. The calcareous interlayer mainly appears in the sandy debris flow; The gravity flow sediment sand bodies are divided into four categories, continuous overlapping type, interval overlapping type, lateral pinch-out type and sand-mud interbedding type, with the interlayer heterogeneity from weak to strong. Analyzing the distribution of sand body thickness and sedimentary microfacies, pore infiltration, flow unit and other influencing factors in the study area, and the plane distribution of macroscopic heterogeneity of Huaqing Chang 63 reservoir was obtained. It summarizes three influencing factors, establishing a comprehensive evaluation table that affects the macroscopic heterogeneity of the reservoir, so as to provide assistance for oilfield exploration and development.
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