李今朝.塞尔维亚煤炭资源概况及开发建议[J].西北地质,2020,53(2):321-328 LI Jinzhao.Overview of Coal Resources and Development Proposals Inserbia[J].Northwestern Geology,2020,53(2):321-328
塞尔维亚煤炭资源概况及开发建议
Overview of Coal Resources and Development Proposals Inserbia
投稿时间:2020-03-04  修订日期:2020-04-07
DOI:10.19751/j.cnki.61-1149/p.2020.02.024
中文关键词:  塞尔维亚;煤炭资源;煤炭工业现状;资源富集区
英文关键词:Serbia;coal resources;current status of the coal industry;resource-rich areas
基金项目:中国神华科技创新项目“一带一路煤炭资源投资开发研究”(SHGF-17-15)
作者单位
李今朝 中国神华海外开发投资有限公司, 北京 100011 
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中文摘要:
      塞尔维亚煤炭资源丰富,其地质储量达189.83亿t,可采储量为75.14亿t,占世界总量的0.7%,在世界富煤国家中排名第14位。在其煤类中,褐煤占比超过90%。塞尔维亚的煤炭储采比为199,资源保障程度较高。塞尔维亚的含煤盆地虽然多达34个,但其地质储量与可采储量的97%以上都集中分布于Kosowo、Kolubala、Metohija与Kostolac这四大含煤盆地,Kolubala盆地东部地区与Kosowo盆地中部地区圈定为塞尔维亚的优质煤炭富集区。塞尔维亚政治基本稳定,经济发展较好,没有大的投资障碍,但是由于该国市场较小,比较适合小规模煤炭资源开发。
英文摘要:
      Serbia is rich in coal resources. Its geological reserves are 18.983 billion tons and recoverable reserves are 7.514 billion tons, accounting for 0.7% of the world's total. It ranks 14th in the world's coal-rich countries. Among the coals, lignite accounts for more than 90%. The coal reserve-production ratio is 199in Serbia, and the degree of resource protection is rather high. Although there are as many as 34 coal-bearing basins in Serbia, more than 97% of its geological reserves and recoverable reserves are concentrated in such four coal-bearing basins as Kosowo, Kolubala, Metohija, and Kostolac. The eastern region of the Kolubala Basin and the central Kosowo Basin are designated as high-quality coal-rich areas in Serbia. Serbia enjoys basic political stability, good economic development and has no major investment obstacles. However, due to its small market, it is more suitable for small-scale coal resource development.
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