强建华.遥感技术在新疆南部地区矿山环境调查及生态修复中的应用[J].西北地质,2021,54(3):253-258 QIANG Jianhua.Application of Remote Sensing Techniques in Mine Environment Investigation and Ecological Restoration in Southern Xinjiang[J].Northwestern Geology,2021,54(3):253-258
遥感技术在新疆南部地区矿山环境调查及生态修复中的应用
Application of Remote Sensing Techniques in Mine Environment Investigation and Ecological Restoration in Southern Xinjiang
投稿时间:2020-12-25  修订日期:2021-03-05
DOI:10.19751/j.cnki.61-1149/p.2021.03.023
中文关键词:  遥感;矿山环境;生态修复
英文关键词:remote sensing;mine environment;ecological restoration
基金项目:中国地质调查局“新疆自治区矿山环境监测”(1212011220085)和“全国矿产资源开发环境遥感监测”(121201003000150009)项目联合资助。
作者单位
强建华 中国煤炭地质总局航测遥感局, 陕西 西安 710054 
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中文摘要:
      随着生态文明建设深入推进,关于矿山环境“摸清底数、问题导向、精准施策”的需求日益强烈,遥感技术凭借其客观、及时、宏观的特点,在矿山环境调查及生态修复中的优势日益凸显。采用多类型、多时相遥感数据,在充分分析矿山辅助设施、道路、矿堆、矸石及地裂缝及采空塌陷等的宏观和微观形态特征基础上,对矿山开发占用与损毁土地、矿山地质灾害、矿山环境污染等一系列矿山环境问题进行全面摸底调查,为矿山生态修复及山水林田湖草全域整治提供数据支撑。
英文摘要:
      Remote sensing techniques have become increasingly prominent in mine environmental investigation and ecological restoration with their objective, timely and macroscopic characteristics.Based on the analysis of the features of mine assistant facilities, roads, ore piles, gangue, ground fissures, goaf collapse, etc, this paper investigates such mine environmental problems as land occupation and damage, geological disasters and environmental pollution with multi-type and multi-temporal remote sensing data, which may provide data support for mine ecological rehabilitation and comprehensive renovation.
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